Please see below some of the print terminologies on this site.
If there is anything that you don’t understand let us know and we will update our Terminology page.
Artwork, Pre-Press, and Files
This is the printed section that extends off the page. This will make sure there are no white edges on the documents. All small format printing is best to have a 3mm bleed.
Crop marks (cut marks)
Crop marks show us where to trim the page.
This means ‘dots per square inch’, which is a measurement of output resolution used in both print and digital displays.
Papers and Stocks and Other Printing Terminology
FSC® certified paper
FSC® (Forest Stewardship Council®) – an international, non-governmental organization who promotes the practice of responsible forestry. FSC®
This is used on business cards, printed documents, and Book & Manual covers.
This is the name of the paper (or type of paper)
An abbreviation of ‘grams per square’, which refers to the weight of the paper.
Not to be confused with the density of the paper.
Glossy paper, used mainly when highlighting photography, very popular a few years ago.
This has an unfished flat look and feel.
A standard paper that has not been treated with a coating. This is matt.
The most popular stock, its between gloss and matt.
This means the material will be used.
Colours and related Printing Terminology
A standardised colour matching system (PMS) which uses the Pantone® numbering system for identifying colours. To read more about Pantone Colours have a look at our blog om our main website. Here
This is Red Green and Black. This is what is used on digital screens. Not for printing.
An abbreviation used for the four colours used for full-color printing; cyan, magenta, yellow and Key (Black)
Finishing and Binding
This is what is done to printed paper to make it into books, brochures, manuals and basically finishing the printed sheets to make it into a product.
This is the method used to produce both softback and hardback books.
This is where the printing is personalised, so each printed piece may have a company name or different piece of information on.
This is the term used when the item has to be cut to a special shape.
This is the most common form of binding brochures, its basically folding the sheets in half and stapling with two staples.
A type of binding created by stapling sheets together along one edge.
A high gloss coating that is applied over the top of the printed sheets to give an extra gloss shine to certain areas of the printing.
A very thin, see-through, plastic which is applied to paper or card stock. This adds an extra layer of protection to your printed item.
Spiral bind or wire bind
The most popular way of binding training manuals. Spiral-bound wire or plastic is looped through holes along the edge.
For tips on binding methods please refer to our blog…What type of binding should I use?